Exploring the science behind severe weather

11 TV Hill: Ava explores the science behind severe weather



JASON: OUR CLIMATE IS WARMING. AND JUST AS AN IMPORTANT AS KNONGWI HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF DURING SEVERE WEATHER EVENTISS UNDERSTANDING THE SCIENCE BEHIND WHY IT’S ALL HAPPENING. OUR METEOROLOGIST AVA MARIE TALKS TO THE EXPERTS. A: AV WELL, WE LOVEHE T PROXIMITY TO WATER HERE IN MARYLD, AN BUT THAT’S ALSO IT PUTST RISK FOR FLOODING. TO TALK MORE ABOUT HOW WE CAN PREPARE FOR FLOOD RISK HERE IN MARYLA, ND I AM JOINED BY CHRIS STRAWN WITH THE BALTIMORE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE. IT’S GOOD TO TALK TO YOU TODAY. LETTING IS A COMMON RISK WE DEAL WITH HERE IN MARYLAND. CHRIS: YEAH, AND IT’S THE BIGGEST WEATHER KILLER THAT WE HAVE THE PHENOMENAL POWER, ESPECIALLY MOVING WATER NCA HEAV. IT’S SOMETHING EVERYBODY NEEDS TO BE AWARE OF, ESPECIALLONY THOSE THREAT DAYS. AVA: AND GIVEN THE WARMER CLIMATE, THE ATMOSPHERE IS ABLE TOOL HD MORE MOISTURE IN GENERAL. THE REASONING IS THAWET WOULD MORE RAINFALL AND FLOODING EVENTS. IT SEEMS LIKE THE DATA IS STARTING TO SUPPORT THAT. WHAT ARE YOU SEEING ON YOUR END? CHRIS: WE HAVE BEEN SEEING THAT FOR MANY YEARS NOW. THE CLIMATE RESEARCHERS THOUGHT THERE WOULD BE AN UPTICINK HEAVY RAINFALL AND EVENTS, AND ATTH’S WHAT WE ARE SEEING. DOCUMENT IT RAINFALL RATES FROM SOME OF OUR LONG-STANDING STATIONS AROUND RFO DECADES, WE ARE SEEING AN INCREASE IN ONE INCH PER HOUR INFALLRA RATES AND EVEN TWO INCH PER HOUR, AND PROBABLY EVEN MORE, IF THEY START GETTING LESS FREQUENT FOR INDIVIDUAL. WE ARE SEEINGN AN INCREASE IN THOSE HEAVY RAINFALL RATES OVER AN HOUR, OVER OTW HOURS, THAT CAUSE THE MOST BIGGEST AND DANGEROUS PROBLEMS. A: AV AND WE SEE FLOODING IN MARYLAND NOT ONLY FROM THE TIDES, BUT FROM THE RAINFALL. THIS FLASH FLOOD EVENTS CAN BE THE ONES THAT CATCH PEOPLE OFF GUARD. WE SAW THE BIG ONE IN ELLICOTT CITY AS WELL. YOU ARE CONSOLIDATING SOME OF YOUR EFFORTS TO YTR AND EMPHASIZE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FLDOO EVENTS AND PUT AN EMPHASIS ON FLASH FLOONGDI. CHRIS: YES. PART OF WHAT WE ARE DOING WITH THWHOLEE AGEYNC. IT’S EASIER TO UNDERSTAND WHEN THINGS COME OUT. THE ISSUE OF FLOOD WATCH, – WE ARE JUST GOING TO CALL IT ALOFL FLOOD WATCH AND LET PEOPLE KNOW THAT THERE IS A POTENTI FOR FLOODING, WHAT SHE POTENTIALLY MEANS. THAT’S WHEN WE CAN GET MORE DETAILED, A BIT MORE REFIN, WHEN WE N LCAET PEOPLE KNOW WHAT IS COMING FOR THEIR COMMUNITY SO THEY CAN TAKE ACTION. AVA: ONE OF THE EAGRT TOOLS WE HAVE NOW IN THE WEATHER COMMUNITY ARE THE ALERTS THA WHEN PEOPLE GET THEM, I WTAN YOU TO EMPHASIZE WHAT THOSE ALERTS MEAN WHEN THEY ARE GETTING THEM TO THEIR PHONES AND W THYHEY ARE IMPORTANT. CHRIS: THOSE WIRELESS ALERTS GO OUT TO EVERYBODY’S CELL PHONES. THE TOWERS AND THE THREAT ZONE, AND IT IS DONE FOR THE MOST CATASTROPHIC OF OUR WARNINGS. MOST OF OUR WARNINGS DON’T GO TO THAT SYSTEM. IT IS USED BY OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCIES FOR SITUATIONS AS WELL, BUT IF THERES AND TORNADO WARNING FOR YOUR COMMUNITY, A FLASH FLOOD WARNING FOR YOUR COMMUNITY, FOR THE NEXT 30 MINUTES, 60 MINUTES, 90 MINUTES, SOMETHING LIKE THAT, IF YOURE A IN THAT THREAT ZONE, IT WILL GO TO YOUR PHONE. MOST SMART PHONES WILL ACTIVATE AND LET PEOPLE KWNO THERE ARE THOSE ISSUES. THERE HAVE BEEN SO MANY SUCCESS STORIES. I WAS TOURING THE ANNAPOLIS TORNADO DAMAGE LAST YEAR. SO MANY PEOPLE DOUBT THE EMERGENCY ALERT RIGHT TO THEIR PHONE AND REBEL TO GET TO SHELTER AND PROTTEC THEMSELVES. IT’S BEEN A GREAT SUCCESS OVER THE PAST EIGHT TO 10 YEARS. A: AV PREYTT AMAZING THAT WE HAVE THAT TECHNOLOGY RIGHT IN OUR POCKETS. THANKS FOR JOINING US TODAY. I AM A GLAD WE CAN GET THE WORD OUT ABOUT FLOODING HERE IN MARYLAND. CHS: RI ANY TIME, THANKS FOR HAVING ME. SOJAN: GOOD INFORMATION THERE. ONE THING, ESPECIALLY MARYLANDERS, YOU WILL SEE WARNINGS AND WATCHES POP UP THAT CAN STILL BE CONFUSING. AVA: THERE IS A FUN WAY TO KEEP IT IN YOUR MIND. NEMA THIS CREATEIV GRAPHIC TO KPEE IN MIND WATCH VERSUS WARNING. WITH MARYLAND, BNGEI WITH CRABCAKES. WHENHE INGREDIENTS CAN COM ETOGETHER, THAT IS A WATCH. THERE IS NO GUARANTEE. WHEN IT IS A WARNING, T IIS SIZZLING ON THE PAN AND COMING TOGETHER. IF YOU ARE GETTING A WARNING ON YOUR PHONE, TAKE ACTION. JAN: SO BACK IN THE DAY, YOU JUST HAD TELEVISION OR MAYBE THE RADIO TO HEAR WHETHER WATCHES AND WARNINGS. NOW IT ‘ASLL IN THE PALM OF YOUR HAND. A: AV SO THERE IS NO EXCUSE NOT TO KNOW, BECAUSE YOU CAN GET ALL THIS INFORMATION WHEREVER YOU ARE, EVEN IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT. GO INTO THE SETTINGS IN YOUR CELL TO SA

11 TV Hill: Ava explores the science behind severe weather

A warming climate only increases the risk of flooding. 11 TV Hill explores the ways to prepare to respond to these threats. Just as important as knowing how to protect yourself during severe weather events is understanding the science behind why it’s happening. Meteorologist Ava Marie spoke with the experts in the video above.

Wireless Emergency Alerts

The Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) system is a free public security tool that allows compatible cell phones to receive text-like messages about imminent security threats. The alerts can be targeted to specific geographic areas based on cell towers. This includes information about dangerous weather, missing children, and other emergencies.

This system makes it possible for people to receive important weather information no matter where they are, as long as they have cell service. This includes the peace of mind that your phone can help wake you up in the middle of the night if there is a tornado warning or extreme flash flood warning for your location. Though, given that there can be gaps in cell coverage, the most reliable emergency alert system is still the NOAA Weather Radio.

The following are some links about the WEA system, and how you can ensure these alerts are turned on in your phone’s settings.

Here’s how to turn to severe weather alerts in the WBAL-TV app

The following is a step-by-step way to sign up for customized weather alerts from WBAL-TV 11 Weather. It’s the best way to stay informed about severe weather in Maryland.

Tap “Customize Alerts” at the top.

You can receive alerts in specific ZIP codes by entering them in the fields below.

“Storm Approaching” – You’ll receive an alert when rain, snow, freezing rain or sleet (precipitation) is approaching. “

Lightning Nearby “- You’ll receive alerts when lightning is detected near your location, and an additional alert if lightning is detected 50% closer.

This is what a Severe Weather alert looks like.

Watches and Warnings“- If the National Weather Service issues a Watch or Warning for the following types of weather conditions, we’ll send you an alert:

  • Tornado
  • Severe Thunderstorm
  • Areal Flood *
  • Flash Flood
  • Flood
  • Hurricane
  • Tropical Storm

This is not a typo. Areal Flood is for flooding that develops more gradually, usually from prolonged and persistent moderate to heavy rainfall, according to the NWS.
Watch vs. Warning: What they really mean
Watch = Be prepared! Severe weather nearby

Warning = Take action! Severe weather is imminent Location Information

– For all of these location-based weather alerts, we’ll use your location even when the WBAL-TV 11 app isn’t open to monitor for severe weather. Users must grant “always” permissions so that the app can use your location even when not open, so we can send you alerts when your location changes but the app isn’t open. There is a chance that your location change doesn’t trigger a push notification for an alert in your new area. This could be related to timing, connectivity, or availability of location services. Will this drain my battery?

– You shouldn’t notice a significant change in battery usage. Other device settings, the environment and app usage can potentially impact your device battery. What if my device is off?

– There may be cases where we can’t deliver you a push alert even when severe weather hits. If your device is off, or has no connectivity, you will not receive the alert until your device is back on and is connected to the network.

Know the difference between a watch and a warningWATCH

: Be prepared! Severe weather is possible in and near the watch area. Be ready to act quickly if a warning is issued. Remain alert for approaching storms. Watch the sky and stay tuned to the weather coverage. The watch area is typically large, covering numerous counties or even states.WARNING

: Take action! Severe weather is imminent, has been sighted or indicated by weather radar. Take shelter immediately; there is an imminent danger to life and property. Move to an interior room on the lowest floor of a sturdy building. Avoid windows. If in a mobile home, a vehicle or outdoors, move to the closest substantial shelter and protect yourself from flying debris.

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